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Lesson 10
Sunday, 10th July 2016
Posted on July 10, 2016

1. What did God ask Moses to build?

And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them. Exodus 25:8.

Answer:   The Lord asked Moses to erect a sanctuary, a special building that would serve as a dwelling place for the great God of heaven.

A Brief Description of the Sanctuary
The sanctuary was an elegant, tent-type structure (15\' x 45\' based on an 18-inch cubit) where the supernatural presence of God dwelt and special services were conducted.

The walls were made of upright acacia (wooden) boards, set in silver sockets and overlaid with gold (Exodus 26:15-1929). The roof was made of four layers of coverings: linen, goat\'s hair, ram\'s skin, and badger skin (Exodus 26:16-14). It had two rooms: the holy place and the most holy place. A thick, heavy veil or curtain separated the rooms. The courtyard, the area around the sanctuary, was 75\' x 150\' (Exodus 27:18). It was fenced with fine linen cloth supported by 60 pillars of brass (Exodus 27:9-16).

2. What did God expect His people to learn from the sanctuary?

Thy way, O God, is in the sanctuary: who is so great a God as our God? Psalms 77:13.

Answer:   God\'s way, or plan of salvation, is revealed in the earthly sanctuary. The Bible teaches that everything in the sanctuary or connected with its service was a symbol of something Jesus would do in saving us. This means we cannot fully comprehend the plan of salvation until we understand the symbolism connected with the sanctuary. Thus, the importance of this Study Guide can hardly be overstated.

The sanctuary and its services were to demonstrate the plan of salvation.

3. From what source did Moses obtain the blueprints for the sanctuary? Of what was the building a copy?

Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens; A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man. Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount. Hebrews 8:125.

Answer:   The sanctuary blueprints and full specifications for its construction were given to Moses by God. They were a copy of the original sanctuary in heaven, which was the pattern for Moses\' sanctuary.


4. What furniture was in the courtyard?

Answer:   A. The altar of burnt offerings where animals were sacrificed was located in the courtyard, just inside its entrance (Exodus 27:1-8). This altar represented the cross of Christ. The animal represented Jesus, the ultimate sacrifice (John 1:29).

B. The laver, located between the altar and the entrance of the sanctuary, was a large washbasin made of brass. Here priests washed their hands and feet before offering a sacrifice or entering the sanctuary (Exodus 30:17-2138:8).

The water represented cleansing from sin, or the new birth (Titus 3:5).


5. What furniture was in the holy place?

Answer:   A. The table of shewbread (Exodus 25:23-30) represented Jesus, the living bread (John 6:51).

B. The seven-branch candlestick (Exodus 25:31-40) represented Jesus, the light of the world (John 9:5 1:9). The oil represented the Holy Spirit (Zechariah 4:1-6 Revelation 4:5).

C. The altar of incense (Exodus 30:78) represented the prayers of God\'s people (Revelation 5:8).

The mercy seat represents God\'s throne in heaven, which is also located between two angels.

6. What furniture was in the most holy place?

Answer:   The ark of the covenant, the only piece of furniture in the most holy place (Exodus 25:10-22), was a box or chest of acacia wood overlaid with gold. Standing atop the chest were two angels made of solid gold. Between these angels was the mercy seat (Exodus 25:17-22), where the supernatural presence of God dwelt. This symbolized God\'s throne in heaven, which is likewise located between two angels 

(Psalms 80:1).

The Ten Commandments were inside the ark. They represent God\'s character, which He implants within His people.

7. What was inside the ark?

Answer:   The Ten Commandments, which God wrote on tables of stone with His own finger, and which His people will always obey (Revelation 14:12), were inside the ark (Deuteronomy 10:45). But the mercy seat was above them, which signified that as long as God\'s people confessed and forsook sin (Proverbs 28:13), mercy would be extended to them through the blood which was sprinkled on the mercy seat by the priest (Leviticus 16:1516). The blood of the animal represents Jesus\' blood that was shed for us to bring us forgiveness of sin (Matthew 26:28Hebrews 9:22).

The animals sacrificed represented Jesus, who sacrificed His life for all people.

8. Why did animals need to be sacrificed in the Old Testament sanctuary services?

And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission. Hebrews 9:22. For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. Matthew 26:28.

Answer:   The sacrificing of animals was necessary to help people understand that without the shedding of Jesus\' blood, their sins could never be forgiven. The ugly, shocking truth is that the punishment for sin is eternal death (Romans 6:23). Since all of us have sinned, all of us should die. When Adam and Eve sinned, they would have died at once except for Jesus, who stepped forward and offered to give His perfect life as a sacrifice to pay the death penalty for all people (Revelation 13:8). After sin, God required the sinner to bring an animal sacrifice (Genesis 4:3-7). The sinner was to kill the animal with his own hand (Leviticus 1:4,5). It was bloody and shocking. And it indelibly impressed the sinner with the solemn reality of sin\'s awful consequences (eternal death) and the desperate need of a Saviour and a substitute. Without a Saviour, no one had any hope for salvation.

The sacrificial system taught, through the symbol of the slain animal, that God would give His Son to die for their sins (1 Corinthians 15:3). Jesus would become not only their Saviour, but also their substitute (Hebrews 9:28). When John the Baptist met Jesus, he said, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.John 1:29. In the Old Testament, people looked forward to the cross for salvation. We look backward to Calvary for salvation. There is no other source of salvation (Acts 4:12).

Animal sacrifices taught the shocking truth that sin would cost the death of Jesus.

9. How were animals sacrificed in the sanctuary service, and with what meaning?

And he shall put his hand upon the head of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him. And he shall kill it on the side of the altar northward.Leviticus 1:411.

Answer:   When a sinner brought a sacrificial animal to the door of the courtyard, a priest handed him a knife and a basin. The sinner laid his hands on the animal\'s head and confessed his sins. This symbolized the transfer of sin from the sinner to the animal. At that point, the sinner was considered innocent and the animal guilty. Since the animal was now symbolically guilty, it had to pay sin\'s wage--death. By slaying the animal with his own hand, the sinner was thus graphically taught that sin caused the innocent animal\'s death and that his sin would cause the death of innocent Jesus.

10. When a sacrificial animal was offered for the entire congregation, what did the priest do with the blood? What does this symbolize?

And the priest that is anointed shall bring of the bullock\'s blood to the tabernacle of the congregation: And the priest shall dip his finger in some of the blood, and sprinkle it seven times before the Lord, even before the vail.Leviticus 4:1617.

Answer:   When a sacrifice was offered for the sins of the entire congregation, the blood was taken by the priest, who represented Jesus (Hebrews 3:1), into the sanctuary and sprinkled before the veil which separated the two rooms. The presence of God dwelt on the other side of the veil. Thus, the sins of the people were removed and symbolically transferred to the sanctuary. This ministry of the blood by the priest foreshadowed Jesus\' present blood-ministry for us in heaven. After Jesus died on the cross as our sacrifice for sin, He arose and went to heaven as our Priest to minister His blood in the heavenly sanctuary (Hebrews 9:1112). The blood ministered by the earthly priest represents Jesus applying His blood to our record of sins in the sanctuary above, showing that they are forgiven when we confess them in His name (1 John 1:9).

Posted on July 10, 2016
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